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Finding the Perfect Partner for Your Pregnancy: Choosing an Obstetrician or Midwife

November 13, 2023

Preparing for a pregnancy is an exciting and transformative time in people’s lives. As you embark on this path, one of the most crucial decisions you will make is selecting the healthcare professional who will guide you through this incredible experience. Whether you choose an obstetrician or a midwife, finding the right partner is essential. In this article, we will explore the key considerations to help you make an informed decision.

Understanding the differences between Obstetricians and Midwives

Before diving into the selection process, we will clarify the roles of obstetricians and midwives:


  • Obstetricians are medical doctors who specialize in pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care.
  • Obstetricians have graduated from medical school and have completed a training residency program in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob-Gyn).
  • They are trained to manage both low-risk and high-risk pregnancies and are trained to perform medical interventions such as cesarean sections.
  • Obstetricians are often part of a healthcare team that includes nurses, anesthesiologists, and other specialists. They typically will have “admitting privileges” at hospitals in your area.


  • Midwives are healthcare professionals who specialize in low-risk pregnancies, normal childbirth, and postpartum care.  They are not physicians.
  • They provide personalized, holistic care, emphasizing natural childbirth and minimal medical intervention.
  • Midwives can assist with both home births and hospital births, depending on your preferences and needs.
  • Midwives typically have practice arrangements with physicians or hospitals to manage more complicated pregnancies and deliveries.
A pregnant woman smiles with her doctor

Choosing the Right Healthcare Professional:

Here are factors that can help you decide between an obstetrician and a midwife:

  • Your Pregnancy Health:
    • If you have a preexisting medical condition, a high-risk pregnancy, or complications, an obstetrician's medical expertise likely will be the best choice.
    • For low-risk pregnancies, a midwife can provide attentive, personalized care with a focus on natural childbirth.
  • Birth Setting:
    • Determine where you want to give birth—hospital, birthing center, or home.
    • Obstetricians primarily work in hospitals, while midwives can provide care in various settings.
  • Birth Preferences:
    • Your birth plan and preferences play a significant role in your decision.
    • If you want a natural, unmedicated birth, midwives specialize in this approach.
    • If you prefer or need medical interventions, an obstetrician can provide the necessary care.
  • Personal Values and Philosophies:
    • Consider your personal beliefs and values surrounding pregnancy and childbirth.
    • Midwives often align with holistic and patient-centered care, while obstetricians follow a more medical model.
  • Availability and Accessibility:
    • Evaluate the availability and accessibility of healthcare professionals in your area.
    • Consider proximity to the hospital or birthing center and your comfort level with potential travel.
  • Insurance Coverage:
    • Check your insurance to determine if your chosen healthcare professional is in-network.
    • Clarify any out-of-pocket expenses associated with your choice.
  • Referrals and Recommendations:
    • Seek referrals and recommendations from friends, family, or other trusted healthcare providers.    
  • Interviews and Consultations:
    • Schedule interviews or consultations with potential obstetricians or midwives.
    • Prepare a list of questions to assess their experience, approach to care, and compatibility with your preferences.
  • Support Team:
    • Consider the role of the support team. Obstetricians often work in larger medical teams, while midwives might provide more one-on-one care.
  • Emergency Preparedness:
    • Discuss emergency scenarios and understand the healthcare professional's approach to handling complications.

Choosing an Obstetrician:

If you decide to go with an obstetrician, here are some points to consider:

  • Obstetricians are certified through the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • Inquire about their experience with high-risk pregnancies, if relevant.
  • Discuss their approach to pain management, interventions, and birth plans.
  • Explore their communication style and willingness to involve you in decision-making.

Choosing a Midwife:

If you choose a midwife, here are some points to consider:

  • Midwives are certified through the American Midwifery Certification Board.
  • Understand their approach to natural childbirth and pain management.
  • Discuss their contingency plans for transferring care to an obstetrician if complications arise.
  • Assess their willingness to respect and support your birth plan.
An aide helps a pregnant woman with a massage

Selecting the right obstetrician or midwife is a critical decision. It is a choice that should align with your values, preferences, and the unique circumstances of your pregnancy. Take your time to research, interview, and evaluate potential healthcare professionals to ensure that you find the perfect partner to support you through this incredible experience. Remember that the most important factor is the care and support they can provide to help you have a safe and positive childbirth experience.

This information is presented as a general guide to present information on finding the perfect partner for your pregnancy: choosing an obstetrician or midwife.  It is for informational purposes only.  The information provided is not intended to be the only information available about finding the perfect partner for your pregnancy: choosing an obstetrician or midwife. The material provided is not expected to be a substitute for advice or information from your physician or health care provider.

If you have any questions, concerns, fears, apprehensions, unease, or worry about finding the perfect partner for your pregnancy: choosing an obstetrician or midwife contact your health care provider immediately.

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